In 1993, Magstim developed the first repetitive TMS stimulator, called the Rapid, which has evolved and expanded into the Magstim Rapid² family range of stimulators. These stimulators deliver biphasic pulses, with single pulse, repetitive pulse, and theta burst stimulation (TBS) capabilities.
Rapid stimulators were the first stimulators on which intermittent and continuous TBS were investigated over the human cortex.¹
The Magstim Rapid² family of stimulators benefit from a proprietary Energy Recovery System that ensures the set intensity is maintained throughout protocols with no pulse decay, even during high powered TBS protocols.
Stimulation frequency up to 36Hz (11Hz at max power)
Stimulation frequency up to 60Hz (22Hz at max power)
Stimulation frequency up to 60Hz (25Hz at max power)
All values stated are using a 115V system
D70 Air Film Coil (AFC)
D70 Air Film Coil Sham (AFC Sham)
D70² BI Air Cooled Coil
D70² BI Air Cooled Sham Coil
D70 Air Cooled Coil
D70 Alpha Coil
D70 Alpha Sham Coil**
Alpha Flat Coated Range (D40, D50, D60, D70)
Alpha BI Coated Range (D40, D50, D60, D70)
D25 Alpha BI Coil
D110 Cone Coil
S90 Standard Coil
S90 Remote Coil*
D70 Remote Coil*
D70 MT Coil*
*pulse triggering only
** not compatible with Plus¹
Examining the effects of different rTMS parameters on cortical activity
Touge, T., Gerschlager, W., Brown, P., & Rothwell, J. C. (2001). Are the after-effects of low-frequency rTMS on motor cortex excitability due to changes in the efficacy of cortical synapses? Clinical Neurophysiology, 112(11), 2138-2145.
Examining the effects of different TBS protocols on cortical activity
Huang, Y. Z., Edwards, M. J., Rounis, E., Bhatia, K. P., & Rothwell, J. C. (2005). Theta burst stimulation of the human motor cortex. Neuron, 45(2), 201-206.
Research studying the localization of specific cognitive functions, including double dissociation studies
Lecce, F., Walsh, V., Didino, D., & Cappelletti, M. (2015). ‘How many’ and ‘how much’ dissociate in the parietal lobe. cortex, 73, 73-79.
Combining rTMS with imaging techniques, such as fMRI and EEG
Zrenner, C., Desideri, D., Belardinelli, P., & Ziemann, U. (2018). Real-time EEG-defined excitability states determine efficacy of TMS-induced plasticity in human motor cortex. Brain stimulation, 11(2), 374-389.
The papers listed above are publicly available and not endorsed by Magstim. Magstim did not engage in generating, or editing this scientific content. Scientific content remains the intellectual property of the authors.
Users in the USA:
The Magstim® Rapid² and The Magstim® Super Rapid² are FDA 510(k) cleared for the stimulation of peripheral nerves. All other uses are considered investigational. In accordance with US federal regulations, an IDE and/or IRB approval may be required.
The Magstim® Super Rapid² Plus¹ is considered an investigational device. Limited by Federal (or the United States) Law to investigational use. In accordance with US federal regulations, an IDE and/or IRB approval may be required.